26 years have passed since the restoration of state independence of Azerbaijan today. Exactly 26 years ago, after the adoption of the Constitutional Act, Azerbaijan gained the long-awaited independence, having surmounted many challenges. Azerbaijan twice had the opportunity to become a sovereign state during the 20th century. Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, the first secular democratic state in the Islamic world, which was established in 1918, existed for only 23 months. The second time such a situation emerged more than 70 years thereafter. The collapse of the Soviet Union provided Azerbaijan with an opportunity to restore the lost independence. On October 18, 1991 the Azerbaijani Parliament adopted the Constitutional Act on the restoration of the state independence. In keeping with this document, Azerbaijan was declared the successor of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, which existed in 1918-1920. Its independence was recognized by Turkey (November 9, 1991), Romania (December 11, 1991), Pakistan (December 13, 1991), Sweden (December 23, 1991), Iran (December 25, 1991), the U.S. (January 23, 1992) , Russia (April 10, 1992), etc.
Azerbaijan became a member of the United Nations on March 2, 1992 and the de facto recognition of Azerbaijan by the world community begins from that date.
Azerbaijan is one of the highly developed countries from the political and economic point of view. By the rate of economic growth Azerbaijan has taken the lead not only in the region but also in the world.